Food Industry <br />Economics

Food Industry
Economics

ISSN Print: 2312-847X
ISSN Online:2411-4111
ISO: 26324:2012

TERMS OF EXPORTS GRAIN CARGOES UKRAINE IN THE NEW REALITIES

Sedikova I.A

Key words: grain market;export;grain logistics;waterways;sea and river ports

Page: 26-32

Abstract

The domestic agricultural sector with significant export potential can become the driving force of the national
economy, giving impetus to investment, technological and social recovery Ukraine. Ukraine argues that it is ready, despite
taking place in the country to fulfill its obligations to international partners. Readiness infrastructure grain market of
Ukraine to increasing exports of agricultural products and the challenges of today is dedicated to this study. Since the
last decade, the share of exported grain increased from 27% in 2004/05 marketing year to 52% of total grain production.
It reveals that export orientation of Ukrainian grain market in which 63 mln. tons produced in 2013 grain about 32.5 million
tons were exported. This is the record amount allowed Ukraine to close three of the leading world exporters of grain
last season. One of the distinctive fact of season 2014 was the change in grain logistics Ukraine due to the annexation of
the Crimea. Of course, the main challenge is the redirection of grain cargo flows from the ports of Crimea in Ukraine
mainland ports. Addressing the Azov Sea ports, including complications passage of vessels through the Strait of Kerch,
could contribute to Odessa and port infrastructure in the Danube region, possible construction of river terminals in Black
Sea ports when reformatting logistics flows Ukrainian grain cargoes. The research and development problems of river
navigation allowed to make the following conclusions and recommendations: to revive the shipping necessary legislative
changes that will encourage the development of inland waterway infrastructure, bring tariff burden on state river transport
to economic levels, create equal competitive conditions for the river transport; compare the legal status and economic
condition of the vessel under Ukrainian and foreign flags when working on inland waterways; reduce tariff pressure on
carriers by size equalization port charges for international flights to level coastal voyages, as well as lower rates of port
charges. Currently, the uncertainty of legal status of ports, terminals, land river transport, waterworks, rights and obligations
of carriers and cargo port eliminates the investment attractiveness of maritime transport


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DOI: 10.15673/2312-847x.25/2015.38455

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